Global communications industry development and market capacity

 (1) The rapid development of communication technology drives the expansion of the communications industry
           Communication technology has undergone tremendous technological changes in the past 30 years, such as mobile phone communication technology from the first generation of analog transmission-based mobile communication technology, second generation GSM/GPRS technology, third generation mobile communication technology (TD) -SCDMA, CDMA2000, WCDMA), developed to the fourth generation of mobile communication technology (TD-LTE, FDD-LTE), mobile communication is no longer a simple information communication, but developed to be able to handle images, music, video, etc. A form of communication that provides a variety of information services. In the field of optical communication, with the development of the Internet, especially the access network, PON technology has been widely used. From the development of APON/BPON in the 1990s to the current EPON, GPON, 10GPON, NGPON, etc., the transmission rate is also 155M to the current 1.25G, 2.5G or even 100G. The rapid development of communication technology has driven the expansion of the construction scale of communication networks and provided a market for the development of the communication industry.
           (2) The continuous growth of the number of broadband users and mobile phone users has become a strong support for the growth of demand in the communications market.
           With the development of global and Chinese Internet technologies and the decline in the price of terminal access equipment, the number of global broadband subscribers has continued to grow steadily. According to market research firm PointTopic, as of the third quarter of 2014, global broadband subscribers reached 706 million, compared to 2013. The annual growth rate was 4.0%.
           From the perspective of regional markets, the number of broadband users in different regions has changed significantly. Southeast Asia has the world's largest fixed-line broadband subscribers, and China is a market with significant impact in the region.

           In terms of mobile telecommunications, the number of global telecommunications subscribers, especially mobile telecommunications subscribers, has continued to grow over the past decade. From the perspective of telecom service structure, with the rapid growth of the number of mobile phone users, the popularity rate, and the stagnation of fixed-line services, the substitution effect of mobile telecommunications on fixed telecommunications is becoming increasingly apparent. According to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) survey, by the end of 2014, there will be nearly 7 billion mobile cellular users worldwide, of which 3.6 billion are in the Asia Pacific region. This climb is mainly due to the growth of developing countries. Mobile cellular users in developing countries will account for 78% of the global total.
           According to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in 2014, the number of mobile phone users in China increased by 56.98 million, the total number reached 1.286 billion, and the penetration rate of mobile phone users reached 94.5/100, an increase of 3.7/100 compared with 2013. There are more than 100 mobile phone penetration rates in 10 provinces and cities nationwide, including Beijing, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Inner Mongolia and Ningxia. Hainan and Ningxia exceeded 100/100 people for the first time.
           (3) Countries around the world have launched national broadband strategies to promote global optical network construction
           At present, 112 countries and regions around the world have launched national broadband strategies. For example, the United States launched the National Broadband Plan in March 2010 to invest US$7.2 billion in broadband subsidies and hospitality programs. By 2013, the fixed broadband penetration rate will increase to 35.9%. The long-term goal requires at least 100 million households to achieve broadband access. The EU's public broadband service plan launched in 2008 will invest 11 billion euros to upgrade the Internet infrastructure. By 2013, broadband access will be achieved throughout the EU, and by 2020, 50% of EU residents will have 300Mbps broadband high-speed broadband networks. The national broadband plan launched by developing countries in Brazil in November 2009 will invest about R$70 billion (approximately US$41.42 billion) over the next five years to achieve nationwide broadband coverage.
           The launch of national national broadband strategies constitutes a new force for global economic recovery and development.


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